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Milena Jankowska, PhD

Department of Animal Physiology and Neurobiology

Department of Animal Physiology and Neurobiology
Faculty of Biological and Veterinary Sciences
Nicolaus Copernicus University
Lwowska 1 Street
87-100 Toruń

phone: +48 665-125-404
e-mail: mjank@umk.pl

Resaerch areas

Neurophysiology of nervous system

Insects as a model in neurobiological studies

Toxins mechanisms of action

Neurodegeneration and neuroprotection

Insects o
lfaction and repellency


Patch-clamp set-up for ion currents recordings from isolated cells

  • amplifier Axopatch-1D
  • digitizer Dendrite
  • SutterPatch software
  • microapplicator PM2000B
  • hydraulic micromanipulator Scientifica
  • reversed microscope World Precision Instruments
  • Faraday cage
  • anti-vibration table

 Microelectrode set-up for registration from isolated DUM cells and in-situ DUM cells

  • amplifier Axoclamp-2A
  • ossciloscopes
  • hydraulic micromanipulator Scientifica
  • reversed microscope World Precision Instruments
  • Faraday cage
  • anti-vibration table
  • pullers: Sutter Instruments P-30 i P-87


 Set-up for extracellular recoordings of nerve activity

  • differential amplifier
  • ossciloscopes
  • micromanipulators
  • impulses generator
  • lighters

 Set-up for single action potential recordings from isolated axon - double-oil-gap method

  • amplifier
  • ossciloscopes
  • experimental chamber
  • pomps


  • cell incubator
  • UV lamps
  • laminar chamber
  • stereoscopic microscopes
  • microdyssection tools


Courtesy of the other labs:

  • LC-MS
  • Confocal microscopy
  • plate reader- spectrophotometer

and more...

2021 Jankowska M., Klimek A., Valsecchi C., Stankiewicz M., Wyszkowska J., Rogalska J. Electromagnetic field and TGF-β enhance the compensatory plasticity after sensory nerve injury in cockroach Periplaneta americana. Scientific Reports., 11:6582. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-85341-z

2021 Niklas B., Jankowska M., Gordon D., Beress L., Stankiewicz M., Nowak W. Interactions of sea anemone toxins with insect sodium channel - insights from electrophysiology and molecular docking studies. Molecules., Vol. 26, pp. 1-22. doi: 10.3390/molecules26051302

2019 Jankowska M., Lapied B., Jankowski W., Stankiewicz M. The unusual action of essential oil component, menthol, in potentiating the effect of the carbamate insecticide, bendiocarb. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol., Vol. 158, pp: 101-111. doi: 10.1016/j.pestbp.2019.04.013

2019 Jankowska M., Wiśniewska J., Fałtynowicz Ł., Lapied B., Stankiewicz M. Menthol increases bendiocarb efficacy through activation of octopamine receptors and protein kinase A. Molecules, Vol. 24 no. 20 Art. no. 3775. doi: 10.3390/molecules24203775

2019 Wyszkowska J., Jankowska M., Gas P., 2019. Electromagnetic fields and neurodegenerative diseases. Prz. Elektrotech., Vol. 95 no 1. DOI: 10.15199/48.2019.01.33

2018 Jankowska M., Rogalska J., Wyszkowska J., Stankiewicz M. Molecular targets for components of essential oils in the insect nervous system: a review. Molecules, Vol. 23 no. 1, Art. no. 34. doi: 10.3390/molecules23010034.

2018 Maliszewska J., Jankowska M., Kletkiewicz H., Stankiewicz M., Rogalska J. Effect of capsaicin and other thermo-TRP agonists on thermoregulatory processes in the American Cockroach. Molecules, Vol. 23 no. 12, Art. no. 3360. doi: 10.3390/molecules23123360

2015 Jankowska M., Pawlowska-Mainville A., Stankiewicz M., Rogalska J, Wyszkowska J. 2015. Exposure to 50 Hz electromagnetic field changes the efficiency of the scorpion alpha toxin; Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Deseases, Vol. 21, pp.1-11. doi: 10.1186/s40409-015-0040-9

For students
Film instruktażowy na zajęcia: preparacja łańcuszka nerwowego
Film instruktażowy na zajęcia: izolacja zwojów odwłokowch
Film instruktażowy na zajęcia: izolacja zwojów tułowiowych i odwłokowych
Film instruktażowy na zajęcia: termoregulacja



Principal investigator

National Science Centre, Poland (2014/15/N/NZ9/03868), 2015-2019: „Essential oils components as a factor increasing the effectiveness of carbamate insecticides.”. Amount: 149 980 PLN



National Science Centre, Poland (2017/25/B/NZ7/00638), 2018-2021: New view on the impact of electromagnetic field

of low frequency (50 Hz) on stress responses and brain plasticity – hormesis effect”; head of the project prof. Justyna Rogalska – Nicolaus Copernicus University, Faculty of Biological and Veterinary Sciences, Department of Animal Physiology and Neurobiology


Principal investigator

Intramural Grant (2651-B), 2018: “Presence of different types of nicotine receptors of acetylcholine in last abdominal ganglion synapses of cockroach”


Principal investigator

Intramural Grant (2341-B), 2016: „Impact of extremely low frequency electromagnetic field on regeneration in insect

nervous system in Periplaneta americana”

Contact Research Laboratory Papers Grants For students